The project will monitor a two-stage stratified sample of Romanian and Hungarian pupils before and after they finish their primary education and move to a secondary level institution. This education transition is important because, in this context, it equates with a significant change in the opportunities for interethnic contact.  The three years long study will also monitor their parents, teachers, and colleagues during these times of significant change. Thus, at each stage of the study we will know not only the participants’ contact with their proximal social environments but also the features of these environments. The data gathered by this study will enable us to: (1) generate new horizons for research on intergroup relations; (2) test convincingly whether important approaches like intergroup contact and social identity work in the real world; (3) better understand a less explored interethnic relationships case.