The project focuses on interethnic relationships in Mures County, which is located in the Transylvanian region of Romania. Mures was the place where, shortly after the overthrown of the communist dictatorship in December 1989, tensions between Romanians and Hungarians erupted most violently and visibly, resulting in several dead and hundreds injured. It was the first violent ethnic conflict in post-communist Europe. However, this was also the place of ethnic reconciliation, in a period when ethnic conflicts were escalating in neighboring countries. Such events, together with particular socio-demographic idiosyncrasies make Mures a very interesting, and challenging place to test and advance current social psychological models of interethnic relations.